This chapter revisits nationalism in Yugoslavia by looking at the nationalist movement in Kosovo by drawing on my on-going research on intra-group competition and power relations within the nationalist movement in Kosovo. For in the case of Kosovo we have the case of a ‘minority nationalism’ within a state it opposed that later transformed into a ‘state-seeking’ nationalism under international administration. The origins of Albanian nationalism in Kosovo date back to the beginning of the twentieth century. In the aftermath of World War II, the ‘nationalist flag’ and leadership of the Kosovar uprising was then assumed by the Albanian National Democratic Movement (LNDSH) and the kacaks concentrated in central Kosovo. Within the ‘irredentist’ camp, there was a major distinction between the LNDSH, which was both anti-Yugoslav and anti-communist, including the Revolutionary Movement for Albanian Unity (LRBSH). Initially, it was various human rights groups and organizations with the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) led by Ibrahim Rugova being the main one.