The special issue revolves around the relations between citizenship and various manifestations of diversity including, but going beyond, ethnicity. A number of interesting recent attempts to rethink citizenship are addressed by the addition of ‘uneven citizenship’ to the debate. While referring to uneven citizenship the special issue not only engages with exclusionary legal, political and social practices but also other unanticipated or unaccounted for results of citizenship policies. The individual papers address statuses, rights, and duties of refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees, Roma, ‘claimed co-ethnics’ as well as various interactions between dominant and non-dominant groups in the post-Yugoslav space.