This article aims to critically engage with local initiatives of post‐conflict transformation of relations between Serbs
and Albanians in the context of the protracted Kosovo–Serbia conflict. While post‐1999 Kosovo has often been a
subject of analysis in critical discussions of liberal peace frameworks, state‐building, and peacebuilding (Richmond,
2006; Visoka & Richmond, 2017), empirical research on Serbia after 2000 and its particular role in this protracted
conflict remains scarce. Drawing on evidence concerning local dynamics of local peacebuilding initiatives by actors
confronting top‐down and everyday nationalism in Serbia, this article analyses bottom‐up alternative approaches
to, local perceptions of, and future visions for the Kosovo–Serbia conflict.

Peace formation, everyday nationalism, bottom‐up peace, local, post‐conflict transformation, activism, Kosovo‐Serbia